The tiny pygmy marmoset is the smallest monkey in the world. Measuring only some 13 centimeters (5in), this tawny colored primate is as big as a soda can! They have long hair on their heads and chests, giving the appearance of a mane, and a huge tail that can be as long as their body.
These petite primates inhabit the Amazon basin, living primarily in lowland, tropical rainforests. Because of their small size and long tails they are perfectly suited for the understory layer of the rainforest with its long bendable braches and many vines for the Pygmy Marmosets to sleep on.
Pygmy marmosets are very active and agile creatues, that run along branches, up and down trunks and occasionally leap between trees. Although they feed on fruits, buds and small insects, most of their diet comes from tapping trees for sap! Using its elongated sharp incisors and claw-like nails, this cute primate spends the majority of its time gouging holes to collect its gummy sap.
This tree-dwelling primate lives in small groups or family units consisting of two to nine individuals. Like other primates, daily social behaviours of Pygmy Marmosets include grooming, huddling, and play. Interestingly, the two litters that the female usually produces each year have a high chance to consist of twins or even triplets – over 70% of the births are twins!